Your roof withstands a great deal of physical wear and tear, and doubly so in the winter as the temperature drops and snow starts falling. Damaged roofing can lead to all sorts of headaches for your house, including water damage, mold growth, and increased energy bills. Thankfully, there are a couple of things that you can do to help prepare your home's roof for the winter.
Check the Attic
Before the snow actually falls, you should enter your attic and take a look around to see if there are any signs of water damage or leaks. Even small water spots can point to leaks in your roof that can be aggravated and quickly made worse once a large amount of snow has settled on your roof. If you can't see any water spots, you should try turning the lights off to see if you can see any spots of sunlight shining through the roof. If you do find any evidence of an opening in your roof, you should contact a roofing professional right away to come and repair the damage.
In a similar vein to the above point, you may want to add extra insulation to the floor of your attic. This can help keep your home warm, and prevent heat transfer through your roof, keeping your house warm and cutting down on your energy bills. This will also help prevent the buildup of ice dams, which occurs when hot air is trapped right underneath the roof and melts snow, which then runs down your roof and refreezes into a solid wall of ice that prevents proper drainage.
You should also check your attic vents to ensure that they are clear of debris. This allows your attic to reach a temperature closer to that of the outside of your home, while the insulation on the floor of your attic will keep the rest of your house warm. This will prevent ice dams, and can also help reduce the risk of mold and mildew growth in the summer by providing proper ventilation to help eliminate moisture.
Clean the Gutters
You should clean your gutters out before the first snow hits, as they provide the primary method for water to drain off of your roof once the temperature finally ticks above freezing again. In order to proactively prevent the amount of debris that ends up in your gutters, you should also look into trimming back any trees which overhang your roof.